Lieutenant , 1st Battalion C.E.F. Victoria Cross. During the action at Givenchy June 15th 1915, he took two machine guns over the parapet, arrived at the German first line with one gun, and held his positionthere under heavy rife, machine gun and bomb fire, notwithstanding the fact that almost the whole of his detachment had been killed or wounded. Later he moved his gun forward to an exposed position, and firing about one thousand rounds, succeeded in holding back the enemy's counterattack. Subsequently died of his wounds.
Tiré de Burpee, Lawrence J., Encyclopedia of Canadian History, Makers of Canada Series, vol 12, 1927.