Studied law under John A Macdonald, with whom he latered formed a partnership, and called to the bar of Upper Canada 1843. Elected Lisgislative Council 1858; and speaker 1863. Commissionor of Crown Lands 1864-1866, A delegate to the Charlottetown Conferance and the Quebec Conferance. Postmaster General in the first Dominion ministry 1867 - 1873. In 1870 sent to England to confer with Imperial goverment as to the proposed withdrawal of troops from Canada, the Fenian Raids, and other matters. In 1872 attempted to merge the two rival Canadian Pacific Railway sydicates. Minister of the Interior 1873; receiver-general general 1878- 1879; postmaster general 1879- 1881, 1885-1887; minister of militia and defence 1880; minister of Justice 1881 - 1885. In 1887 appointed lieutenant governor of Ontario, an office which he retained up to the time of his death.
Tiré de Burpee, Lawrence J., Encyclopedia of Canadian History, Makers of Canada Series, vol 12, 1927.